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英语句子do的用法 英语do的用法

1. 可做助动词,其第三人称单数为does,过去式为did,助动词出现时,动词一般为原形。

2.可做实意动词,其第三人称单数为does,过去式为did,如do one's homework 做作业。

例句:Don't do it like that. 不要那样做。此句话中同时出现两个do,前面一个do为助动词,后面一个为实意动词。

英语do和does的用法,写什么句子的时候用

1) 构成一般疑问句,例如:

Do you want to pass the CET? 你想通过大学英语测试吗?

Did you study German? 你们学过德语吗?

2) do + not 构成否定句,例如:

I do not want to be criticized. 我不想挨批评。

He doesn't like to study. 他不想学习。

In the past, many students did not know the importance of English. 过去,好多学生不知道英语的重要性。

3) 构成否定祈使句,例如:

Don't go there. 不要去那里。

Don't be so absent-minded. 不要这么心不在焉。

说明: 构成否定祈使句只用do,不用did和does。

4) 放在动词原形前,加强该动词的语气,例如:

Do come to my birthday party. 一定来参加我的生日宴会。

I did go there. 我确实去那儿了。

I do miss you. 我确实想你。

5) 用于倒装句,例如:

Never did I hear of such a thing. 我从未听说过这样的事情。

Only when we begin our college life do we realize the importance of English.

只有在开始大学生活时我们才认识到英语的重要性。

说明: 引导此类倒装句的副词有never, seldom, rarely, little, only, so, well等。

6) 用作代动词,例如:

---- Do you like Beijing? --你喜欢北京吗?

---- Yes, I do. --是的,喜欢。(do用作代动词,代替like Beijing.)

He knows how to drive a car, doesn't he?

他知道如何开车,对吧?

do、does在英文句子中的用法

在一般现在时里,你一定要找到句子的谓语部分或表语部分。所谓谓语就是主语所发出的动作;表语就是能说明主语特征的名词或形容词。当你找到了句子中的动词,就知道它的疑问形式和否定形式要使用do或does(主语是第一人称I,第二人称you,及其他的复数名词、人称代词时,要选用do;主语为第三人称单数时,选用does.)如果句子中没有动词,只有名词或形容词,就要使用am\is\are了。(我用am你用are,is用于他她它。)

在一般现在时里,你一定要找到句子的谓语部分或表语部分。所谓谓语就是主语所发出的动作;表语就是能说明主语特征的名词或形容词。当你找到了句子中的动词,就知道它的疑问形式和否定形式要使用do或does(主语是第一人称I,第二人称you,及其他的复数名词、人称代词时,要选用do;主语为第三人称单数时,选用does.)如果句子中没有动词,只有名词或形容词,就要使用am\is\are了。(我用am你用are,is用于他她它。)

英语do的用法

do

[轻读)(在子音前)də; də, (在母音前)dJ; du; (重读)du; du:]

助动词

(did[d d; did]; 第三人称、单数、直说法、现在式 does[ (轻读) d~z; d~z; (重读) dz; dz])

1 a.

I ~ not see.

我不懂

I did not [didn't] know.

我 (那时) 不知道

I don't have a brother.

我没有兄弟

b.

Don't go!.

别走!

Don't be afraid.

不要怕

2

Do you hear?.

你听到没有?

Do you have (any) money?.

你身上有钱吗?

Did you strike her?.

你殴打她了吗?

When does he leave?.

他什么时候动身?

3 [为强调、平衡等而将 (部分) 述语置于句首时]

Never did I see such a fool.

我从未见过这样的傻瓜

(cf. I never saw sucha fool.)

Not only did he understand it, but he remembered it.

他不仅了解,而且还把它记住了

Only after weeks of vain effort did the right idea occur to me.

经过几星期的平白努力后我才想到一个合适的主意

4 [强调肯定句]

I do think it's a pity.

我的确认为 (这件事) 很遗憾

Do tell me.

你一定要告诉我

Do be quiet!.

务请安静!

I did go, but I didn't see her.

我确实去了,但我没见到她

He doesn't visit me often, but when he does visit me, he stays forhours.

他不常来看我,但是他一来总会待好几小时

do

[do; dou]

不可数名词

(pl. ~s)

‘音乐’

(固定唱法) C 大调音阶中的第一音

(cf. solfa)

do

[du; du:]

(did[d d; did]; done[dn; dn])

及物动词

A 1 做,办,实行

a. 做…,实行

do repairs

修理

do something wrong

做错某事

do research on history

做历史研究工作

I have nothing to ~.

我无事可做

What are you doing ?.

你在做什么?

We must do something about it. = Something must be done about it.

关于那件事我们必须想想办法 [采取某种办法]

What can I do for you? [.

店员对客人] 请问您要什么? 我能帮您什么吗? [医师对病人] 怎么了?

b. 完成 <工作、义务等> ,做完; 尽

Do your duty.

尽你的本分[义务]

Do your best [utmost].

尽全力去做

I've done all I can.

我已尽了全力

do one's military service

服兵役

do business with

?与…做生意[交易]

You did the right [proper] thing.

你做得对 [适当]

You should do the honorable thing and resign. (.

如果你知耻) 你该毫不留恋地辞职

c. 做…

do the washing [shopping]

洗衣 [购物]

She did almost all the talking.

几乎全是她一个人在说话

I wanted to do some telephoning.

我想打一下电话

d. (职业性地) 做…

do lecturing

讲课

do teaching

教书

e. [常 have done,be done] 做完

I've done it.

我把它做完了; 我完成了

Now you've done it. (

口语)这下可糟了; 现在你把事情搞坏了

The work is done.

工作做完了

Have you done reading?.

你读完了吗?

That does it!.

→ do 成语

That's done it!.

→ do 成语

2 给与

a. 给与<…> <利益、

损害等> ,带来; 给与[…] <利益、损害等> ,

带来[to]

Good intentions can do us great harm.

善意_ (有时也) 可能带给我们大害

(好心做坏事)

The medicine will do you good.

那种药对你有好处

(有益)

The bad weather has done great damage to the crops.

恶劣天气已给农作物带来重大损害

b. 给与<某人> <名誉、敬意、正确的评价等> ,表示,施与; 给与[某人] <名誉、敬意、正确的评价等> ,表示,施与[to]

do a person a service

为某人服务,照料某人

do a person a kindness

待某人亲切

do a person a good [bad] turn

对某人行善 [行恶]

do a person homage = do homage to a person

对某人表示敬意

→ do honor to a person = do a person HONOR

→ do a person[thing]JUSTICE = do justice to a person[thing].

c. 施与<某人> <恩惠、帮助> ; 施与[某人] <恩惠、帮助> [for]

Will you do me a favor? = Will you do a favor for me?.

你愿意帮我一个忙吗?

3 (以某种方法) 处理

a. (写回信) 处理 <信件>

do one's correspondence

处理信件

b. 整理 <房间、床等> ; 洗 <碗盘等>

The maid was told to do the bathroom.

女佣被吩咐去打扫浴室

Jane was doing the dishes.

珍那时正在洗碗盘

c. 插<花>; 梳理<头发>; 化妆<脸>

Mother will do the flowers.

妈会插那些花

Tell her to go and do her hair and nails.

告诉她去梳发修指甲

She usually spends two hours doing her face.

她通常花两小时做脸 [化妆打扮]

d. 攻读 [专攻,准备] <学科>

My son has been doing electronics at Princeton (University).

我儿子一直在普林斯顿大学攻读电子学

e. 解答 <问题、计算题> (solve)

Will you do this sum for me?.

请你帮我解这一道算术题好吗?

f. 写<书>; 画 <图画> ; 制作 <影片>

do a portrait

画人像

Walt Disney did a movie about Seven Dwarfs.

华德.狄斯耐制作过一部有关七矮人的影片

g. <为某人> 制作 <抄本、报告等> ; 翻译; [为某人]制作 <抄本、报告等> ; 翻译[for]

How many copies shall I do?.

我要抄写几份呢?

We asked her to do us a translation. = We asked her to do a translation forus.

我们要求她替我们翻译

4 a. 烹调<肉等>; 做<菜>

(cf. well-done 1,overdone,underdone)

They do fish very well here.

这一家烧的鱼很好吃

b. 把<肉等>烹调<成…>

do meat brown

把肉烤成褐色

This steak has been done to a turn.

这块肉片 [牛排] 烤得恰到好处

5 对<某人>合用; 对<…>很充足,对<…>够用

That will do me very well.

那对我很合适 [那好极了]

Will this sum of money do you?.

这一笔钱你够用吗?

6(英口语)

a. 照料<客人>

I'll do you now, sir. [.

在理发厅等] 我现在要 照料您 [为您理发] 了,先生

b. 为<某人>服务 (周到) ,招待<某人> (很好)

(cf. DO by)

They do you very well at that hotel.

那家旅馆服务很周到

c. [~ oneself; 与 well 等连用] 奢侈

He does himself fairly well.

他相当奢侈

7

a. 演…的角色

He did Hamlet well.

他把哈姆雷特的角色演得很好

She always does the hostess admirably [very well].

她是个令人赞赏的女主人,待客和蔼可亲

b. 装得 <像…> ,假装; 模仿 <…的样子>

do a

英语中'to do'的用法

表be to do”的用法

    一般说来,“be to do” 这个结构有两种语法意义,其一是连系动词be+动词不定式做表语,其二是be to是一个独立词汇单位,具有情态含义,可以把它叫做情态习语(modal idiom)。

    一、be +动词不定式,不定式做表语,表示主语和表语在概念上是等同的。如:

    The problem is to find a solution.

    His plan is to clean the room.

    My wish is to be a doctor.

    二、be to +动词不定式中的be to用作情态习语,这时的be to do表示: “计划”、“安排”、“义务”、“应该”、“可能”、“命运”等。(have to,ought to)。如:

    He is to have a holiday. (表示将来)

    The committee is to meet today. (表示计划、安排)

    You are to go to the hotel where rooms have already been booked for you.

    1. 表示 “将”、“计划”、“安排”。(意思接近于be going to) 如:

    Their daughter is to get married soon.

    Who is to question him?

    It was the last film at the cinema,which was to close next day.

    After dinner they were to go to a movie.

    was/ were to do 表示过去曾经计划要做的事,或者过去应当做的事,而且从现在的角度来看已经实现了。如:

    I felt nervous because I was soon to leave home for the first time.

    I was to play Juliet.

    The expedition was to start in a week’s time.

    was/ were to have done,表示 “本打算”、“本计划”或“本应当” 做的事而没有做成或没有发生。如:

    I was to have seen him last Wednesday,but he didn’t come.

    We were to have been married last year.

    2. 表示 “义务”、“应该” .(意思接近于should,must,ought to,have to) 如:

    No one is to leave the building. 谁也不得离开这楼房。

    You are not to smoke in this room.=You are not supposed to smoke in this room.

    You are to be back by 10 o’clock. 你必须十点以前回来。

    3. 表示可能性,相当于can,may 如:

    Such books are to be found in the library. 这样的书在图书馆里就能找到。

    Not a single sound was to be heard. 一点儿声音也听不到。

    Not a soul was to be seen. 看不到一个人影。

    She was nowhere to be found. 哪儿也找不到她。

    She was never to see his wife and family again.

    5. 表示 “命运”,将来必然要发生的事,译作 “注定……”。如:

    He came to power,but he was to play dearly for it: soon he was assassinated.

    The worst is still to come.

    They said goodbye,little knowing they were never to meet again.

    6. 用于“if…were to do”,表示虚拟语气。如:

    If it were to rain tomorrow,the sports meeting would be put off. 如果明天下雨,运动会就会延期。

    Exercises:

    1.This film _____ this Sunday.

    A. is going to show B. is showing C. is to be show D. will have been show

    2.The students were told that they ____ at the school gate at 2:00 the following afternoon.

    A. met B. will meet C. were to meet D. were met

    3. The house ______ ready today but as there has been a builders’ strike it is still only half finished.

    A. is B. was to be C. was D. was to have been

    4.In such dry weather,the flowers will have to be watered if they _________.

    A. have survived B. are to survive C. would survive D. will survive

    5.How _______ I ______ what has become of him?

    A. am; to know B. am; knowing C. was; to know D. will; know

    6. ______ he ________ tomorrow,I would go to meet him at the station.

    A. Were; to come B. Was; coming C. Did; come D. Would; come

目的时用啊

英语do和is的用法

do的用法:1.做实义动词,有单三形式does,可以在句子中做谓语.

eg.I often do my homework. He often does his homework.(做作业)

2.做助动词.同样有单三形式does,但是本身没有实在意义,只是用在否定句和一般疑问句中,与谓语动词一起构成否定和疑问结构.在变否定句和一般疑问句时,如果是实义动词(即不是be动词和情态动词)做谓语,则需要根据主语人称形式借助它们.

eg: He plays football---He doesn't play football

---Does he play football?

I sing a song---I don't sing a song.

---Do you sing a song?

需要注意:只要借了助动词,谓语动词的其他形式必须还原为原形.

is的用法: is是属于be动词(即系动词),用于第三人称单数形式的主语后面,它的否定句直接在后面加not,一般疑问句直接把它提前.

eg.He is a student---He isn't a student

---Is he a student?

be动词用法口诀:我用am,你用are,is连着他她它,单数is复数are.

英语中do的用法?

请问who do you like(你喜欢谁)?那么”我喜欢谁“该怎么说呢?难道是do I ?有人说是I like who这不就成中文式英语了吗?请说明理由谢谢。还有比如who is he(他是谁)?那为什么不是who is your like (你喜欢的是谁),而是who do you like 到底什么时候用is什么时候用助动词do?最后like的意思可以是“喜欢的”吗,比如”我喜欢的水果“那就是i like fruit,这不就成了“我喜欢水果”吗?有可能我只是喜欢某一个水果呢

英文 do的用法

虞其君do之用法讲解:

助动词,其第三人称单数为does,过去式为did,助动词出现时,动词一般为原形。

实意动词,其第三人称单数为does,过去式为did,如do one's homework 做作业。

Don't do it like that. 不要那样做。此句话中同时出现两个do,前面一个do为助动词,后面一个为实意动词。

英语句子do的用法 英语do的用法:等您坐沙发呢!

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